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Agra, Uttar Pradesh, the Tomb of Itimad ud Daulah is a testament to Mughal architectural brilliance and artistic finesse.

This exquisite mausoleum, often called the “jewel box” or the “Baby Taj,” captivates visitors with its intricate craftsmanship and delicate beauty. The epithet “Bachcha Taj” affectionately underscores its significance to the iconic Taj Mahal, embodying a similar elegance and grace.

Crafted from pristine white marble, the Itimad ud Daulah Tomb at Agra stands as a testament to the architectural prowess of the Mughal era. Built by I’timād-ud-Daulah, it marks a significant shift in Mughal architectural style. Serving as the final resting place of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, father of Empress Nur Jahan, this masterpiece signifies the transition from red stone to the luxurious white marble that would later grace the Taj Mahal.

Its domeless design is a departure from tradition, yet it exudes the magnificence synonymous with Mughal monuments. As visitors step into its hallowed halls, they are seamlessly transported to a bygone era of imperial splendor and cultural refinement.

1. About the Tomb

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However, on the eastern bank of the Yamuna River, lies the enchanting Itimad ud Daulah. It is a mesmerizing mausoleum enveloped by sprawling gardens. Moreover, the site boasts a captivating blend of architectural brilliance and intricate detailing, drawing visitors into its serene embrace. The mausoleum spans approximately twenty-three meters square, resting gracefully upon a base of about fifty meters square and one meter in height. Furthermore, towering octagonal structures adorn each corner, standing at an impressive thirteen-meter height.

Additionally, crafted from pristine white marble sourced from Rajasthan, the walls are adorned with exquisite embellishments of semi-precious stones. These intricate designs depict an array of imagery, from delicate cypress trees to ornate vases overflowing with bouquets. Furthermore, sunlight filters through delicate jali screens, casting ethereal patterns within the interior. Renowned for its opulent décor, many believe Itimad ud Daulah interior inspired the iconic Taj Mahal, commissioned by her stepson, Shah Jahan.

Within its hallowed halls lie the resting places of numerous of Nūr Jahān’s family members, their cenotaphs a poignant reminder of a bygone era. Notably unique is the arrangement of her parents’ cenotaphs, placed side by side—an asymmetrical touch echoed in the design of the Taj Mahal. Furthermore, Itimad ud Daulah is a testament to love, legacy, and the enduring beauty of Mughal architecture and historical places in Uttar Pradesh.

2. History

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The Tomb of I’timad-Ud-Daulah, also known as the Itimad ud Daulah, stands as a testament to the splendor of Mughal architecture and the enduring legacy of Mirza Ghiyas Beg and his wife, Asmat Beghum. Originating from Iran, Mirza Ghiyas Beg was a trusted servant of Emperor Akbar. Later, ascending to the esteemed position of Vazir, or Prime Minister, following his daughter Nur Jehan’s marriage to Jehangir in 1611. However, with a prestigious mansab of 7000/7000, he earned the title “I’timad-Ud-Daulah,” signifying his role as the Lord Treasurer of the realm.

Moreover, constructed between 1622 and 1628 by his daughter, Nur Jehan, the Tomb represents a shift in Mughal architecture. It is among the first structures to showcase the exquisite beauty of white marble. Furthermore, this masterpiece, devoid of a dome, encapsulates the refined taste of Mirza Ghiyas Beg and the intricate craftsmanship of his daughter. It serves as a poignant memorial to their lives, as they passed away within months of each other in 1622 in Agra.

Nur Jehan, a remarkable figure in her own right, wielded significant influence over the Mughal Empire during her 16-year reign from 1611 to 1627, ruling from behind the scenes with unparalleled finesse. Altogether, Tomb of I’timad-Ud-Daulah not only Itimad ud daulah story the lives of its occupants but also stands as a symbol of the transition from the architectural traditions of Akbar’s era to the magnificence epitomized by the Itimad ud Daulah Taj Mahal, a to the enduring legacy of this remarkable family.

3. Architecture

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The exquisite Tomb of Itimad-ud-daulah architecture of Tomb is a testament to Mughal design’s grandeur.This majestic structure stands gracefully on the eastern bank of the serene river Yamuna, nestled within a meticulously planned Char-Bagh, a classic four-quartered garden. Imposing walls enclose it, with side buildings complementing the scene. Visitors are greeted by the Tomb through its main gateway on the eastern facade.

Furthermore, Ornate gateways grace the north and south sides, adorned with lush lawns that add to the allure of the surroundings. To the west, a multi-storeyed open pleasure pavilion offers a captivating vista of the flowing river. Crafted from striking red sandstone adorned with intricate white marble inlays, the architecture exudes elegance and Itimad ud daulah history. You can also visit the Uttar Pradesh mountains.

Within the garden, shallow water channels meander through raised stone pathways, interspersed with tranquil tanks and cascades, dividing the space into four equal quarters. Though slightly elevated, these pathways seamlessly blend with the parterres, providing the perfect setting for potential flower beds. The garden’s perimeter is adorned with ample space for verdant flora, ensuring an unobstructed view of the mausoleum.

4. Timings to visit

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However, Itimad ud Daulah is a marvel of Mughal architecture in the heart of India’s historical city, Agra. Step into a world where time seems to stand still as you explore this architectural gem. Additionally, visitors can enjoy its splendor daily from 8:00 AM to 12:00 AM, ensuring ample time for immersion.

Moreover, known as the “Baby Taj,” Itimad ud Daulah is a mausoleum that predates the Taj Mahal and is believed to have inspired its iconic design. Its delicate marble latticework, intricate carvings, and serene gardens make it a must-visit place for history enthusiasts and architecture lovers alike.

5. Time Required to visit

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If you’re planning a visit to Agra, don’t miss out on exploring the exquisite beauty of Itimad ud Daulah, also known as the “Baby Taj.” This architectural marvel offers a captivating into the Mughal era, standing as a tribute to Mirza Ghiyas Beg, who served as the treasurer in the Mughal court. Located on the eastern side of the Yamuna River, Itimad ud Daulah is celebrated for its intricate marble work, delicate carvings, and serene gardens that are part of the heritage of Uttar Pradesh.

Exploring Itimad ud Daulah typically takes 1 to 2 hours, making it ideal for travelers with limited time or those seeking a quick yet enriching experience. As you wander through its corridors and gardens, the intricate details adorning the walls and ceilings will mesmerize you, reflecting the grandeur of Mughal architecture.

6. Entry Fee

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However, Admission to this marvel of Mughal architecture comes at a nominal fee, ensuring accessibility for all. For Indian nationals and visitors from SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) and BIMSTEC countries, the entry ticket stands at a mere ₹30 per person, making it an affordable delight for locals and neighboring nations alike. Meanwhile, we warmly welcome travelers from other parts of the world, albeit at a slightly higher price point of ₹310 per person.

7. Construction

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Step into the ethereal realm of architectural marvels with Itimad ud Daulah, fondly nicknamed the “Baby Taj.” This delicate gem, nestled gracefully along the tranquil banks of the Yamuna River, is a testament to the grandeur of Mughal craftsmanship. However, constructed with love and reverence between 1622 and 1628, it is a timeless tribute to Mizra Ghiyas Beg, the esteemed father of Empress Noor Jahan.

Commissioned by the illustrious Mughal queen herself, Noor Jahan, Itimad ud Daulah’s intricate beauty echoes the elegance of its more famous counterpart, the Taj Mahal. It stands as a poignant symbol of filial piety and artistic finesse, commemorating the cherished memories of Noor Jahan’s beloved parents.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Tomb of Itimad ud Daulah, affectionately known as Itimad ud Daulah or the “Baby Taj,” stands as a jewel in the crown of Agra’s architectural wonders. However, commissioned by the illustrious Empress Nur Jahan in memory of her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg, this exquisite mausoleum showcases the transition from red stone to the pristine white marble that would later adorn the iconic Taj Mahal.

Moreover, its domeless design and intricate embellishments depict a fusion of elegance and sophistication, reflecting the refined taste of the Mughal era. Visitors wander through its serene gardens and hallowed halls and are transported to a bygone era of imperial splendor and cultural richness. Itimad ud Daulah’s timeless beauty and historical significance make it a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in the abundant legacy of Mughal architecture.

FAQ

Q: What is Itimad ud Daulah famous for?

A: The Tomb of I’timad-Ud-Daulah stands out as a masterpiece of Mughal architecture. Its domeless design and exquisite white marble construction distinguish it. It signifies a transitional phase in Mughal architectural history, bridging the gap between earlier red stone structures and the iconic Taj Mahal.

Q: Who was the father-in-law of Itimad Ud Daula?

A: Itimad Ud Daula, originally known as Mir Gheyas Beg, was Emperor Jahangir’s father-in-law and the grandfather of Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Jahangir bestowed him with the title “Itimad ud Daulah,” meaning “Pillar of the Empire.”

Q: Who built the Baby Taj Mahal?

A: Nur Jahan, the wife of Emperor Jahangir, commissioned the Baby Taj Mahal, officially known as the Tomb of I’timad-Ud-Daulah, in memory of her father, Mir Gheyas Beg (Itimad Ud Daula), who served as a minister in the Mughal court.

Q: What is the history of Baby Taj?

A: Nur Jahan commissioned Itimad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb, often referred to as the Baby Taj Mahal, celebrated as one of Agra’s architectural marvels. It serves as a precursor to the Taj Mahal, showcasing stunning marble craftsmanship and intricate designs.Tourists flock to this monument for its historical significance and breathtaking beauty, seeking a glimpse into Mughal grandeur.