India, one of the leading producers of mangoes in the world, boasts and cultivates more than a thousand varieties of this tropical fruit in its nutrient-rich land. The fruit is celebrated and relished during the months of summer and dominates the entire marketplace when in season.
The king of fruits, as they are aptly named, has long been a significant part of Indian society, giving them historical significance. Each variety of mango has its unique flavor, aroma, and texture, making it a favorite among mango lovers worldwide. This bag of nutrition brings a flavorful burst into your mouth and many health benefits to your body.
So, let us explore India’s 30 different varieties of mangoes, their characteristics, and where they are primarily grown. Whether you are a die-hard mango fan or just relish its one slice, this article will discuss all that you need to know about the diverse list of all mango varieties in India.
Alphonso, also known as Hapus, is a popular and the most expensive variety of mango in India. It is grown mainly in the Ratnagiri and Devgad regions of Maharashtra and in some parts of Gujarat. Alphonso mangoes are medium-sized, with yellowish-orange skin and sweet, fragrant, and creamy flesh that is often described as “the king of mangoes.”
This variety of mangoes has a short season, typically from April to June, and is in high demand both in India and internationally. Alphonso mangoes are used to make a variety of dishes, including smoothies, sorbets, ice cream, and even cocktails. They are also exported to countries like the US, UK, and UAE.
Kesar is a popular variety of mango in India, mainly grown in the Gir region of Gujarat. The mango is small to medium in size, with yellowish-green skin that turns scarlet as it ripens. The flesh is firm and juicy with a sweet aroma and flavor, and it is often described as the “Queen of mangoes.”
The season for this top variety of mangoes in India is typically from May to July, and they are in high demand both domestically and internationally. Desserts like ice cream, smoothies, and lassi are all made with kesar mangoes.
Langra is a variety of mango that is widely cultivated in India. It is one of India’s most popular types of mangoes and is known for its sweet taste and juicy pulp. The fruit is oval in shape and has a yellowish-green skin when ripe.
Langra mangoes are generally available during the summer months in Northern India. They can be found in local markets and in some supermarkets. This one of India’s best varieties of mangoes is also exported to other countries, making them available to people around the world.
The sweetness of Langra mangoes makes them a popular choice for making jams, chutneys, and juices. They are also used in numerous traditional Indian dishes, giving them a unique and delicious flavor. Langra mangoes are a great way to enjoy the sweet taste of India’s famous mangoes.
Chaunsa is a well-known variety of mango in India, mainly grown in Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh regions. It is a large-sized mango with golden-yellow skin and sweet, fragrant, and juicy flesh. The fruit has a slightly sour taste, with a buttery texture and a musky aroma. The season for this variety of mangoes is typically from June to August. These mangoes are used to make a variety of desserts and beverages, such as mango shakes and smoothies.
Himsagar is one of India’s most popular varieties of mangoes, known for its sweet taste and juicy texture. It is a medium-sized, round-shaped fruit with yellowish-orange skin and deep orange-red flesh. This variety of mango is admirable for its sweet taste and exceptional aroma.
It is usually available in the summer months, from March to June, in India. Himsagar can be found in most parts of India, from the northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Punjab to the western states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
In addition, it is also commonly found in some parts of the south, including Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The Himsagar mangoes are renowned for having a high sugar content, which makes them a great option for smoothies and sweets. The mangoes can also be eaten raw, used in salads, or cooked in dishes like aamras, aam shrikhand, and aam ka panna.
Dasheri is a medium to large-sized variety of mangoes in India, primarily grown in the Malihabad region of Uttar Pradesh. It is a mango with yellowish-green skin and sweet, juicy, and aromatic flesh. The fruit has a unique flavor, which is a combination of sweet and tangy.
The season for Dasheri mangoes is typically from June to July. These mangoes are used to make a variety of desserts, such as mango lassi, mango ice cream, and mango pudding. Dasheri mangoes make their spot in the list of best mango varieties in India and are also exported to countries like the US, the UK, and Canada, where they are in high demand due to their excellent taste and texture.
Totapuri, a popular mango variety in southern states of India, are large-sized mangoes with yellowish-green skin and a pointed shape. The flesh is firm and mildly sweet with a tangy taste, making it ideal for use in chutneys and pickles.
The season for Totapuri mangoes is typically from May to July. This variety of mangoes is also used to make mango pulp, which is exported to countries like the US, the UK, and Canada. South India is a prominent region for totapuri mangoes, which are frequently consumed as snacks or cooked.
Neelam, primarily grown in the Southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu, is a sought-after variety of mango in India due to its sweet, juicy, and fiberless flesh. It is a medium to large mango with smooth, bright yellow skin, a slightly tangy taste, and a pleasant aroma.
The season for Neelam varieties of mangoes is typically from May to August. These mangoes are used to make a variety of desserts, such as mango lassi, ice cream, and smoothies. Neelam mangoes are also exported to countries like the US, the UK, and Canada, where they are in high demand.
Banganapalli, mainly grown in the Southern state of Andhra Pradesh, is a variety of mango that is large-sized mango with yellowish-green skin and sweet, juicy, and fiberless flesh. The fruit has a distinct aroma and flavor that combines sweet and sour elements.
The season for Banganapalli mangoes is typically from April to June. These mangoes are used to make a variety of desserts, such as mango pudding, ice cream, and juice. Like other varieties of mangoes, these mangoes are also exported to countries like the US, the UK, and Canada, where they are in high demand due to their excellent taste and texture.
Rajapuri is a popular mango variety in the western states of India, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. It is a medium-sized mango with yellowish-green skin and sweet, juicy, and fiberless flesh. The fruit has a unique flavor, which is a combination of sweet and tangy. The season for Rajapuri mangoes is typically from May to July.
These varieties of mangoes are used to make numerous desserts, such as mango pudding, ice cream, and lassi. Rajapuri mangoes are also exported to countries like the US, the UK, and Canada, where they are in high demand due to their excellent taste and texture.
Mulgoba is one of India’s most popular varieties of mangoes. Due to its sweet flavor and juicy texture, it is sometimes referred to as the “King of Mangoes” among the other mango kinds. The fruit is usually medium-sized and has a deep yellow-orange hue. In the majority of India, especially in the southern states of India, it occurs in great abundance.
The Mulgoba mango is a favorite among local farmers due to its high yield and low maintenance. It is also popular among health-conscious individuals due to its high nutritional value. This variety of mangoes is also commonly used in various dishes, such as aamras and mango lassi. The Mulgoba mango is a great option for people seeking a tasty and healthy snack. It can be purchased from local markets or online stores at a reasonable price.
Badami mangoes have firm and juicy flesh with a sweet and tangy flavor and are among the varieties of mangoes that have thin seeds inside. They are small and have a unique yellow-orange color. Badami mangoes are known for their high fiber content and are a good source of vitamin C. They are often used in Indian desserts and other dishes.
The best time to buy this one of India’s top varieties of mangoes is during the summer months when they are in season. The prices are also relatively affordable. Badami mangoes are a healthy and delicious snack. They are a great way to get your daily dose of vitamins and minerals. They are also great for salads, smoothies, and other recipes. Eating Badami mangoes provides a refreshing and sweet flavor to satisfy the cravings of your taste buds.
Malda, a popular mango variety in the eastern state of India, is grown in the state of West Bengal. The mangoes are large in size, have smooth and sweet yellow-orange flesh, and have a mild and pleasant aroma. The taste of Malda is slightly sour but not too acidic.
It is often used in multiple dishes, such as curries, chutneys, and desserts. They are widely available and make a great addition to any meal. Malda mangoes are usually available in the markets from April to July. The best way to find these varieties of mangoes is to visit a local market or grocery store. The cost of Malda mangoes varies depending on the season and location but is usually affordable.
Pairi is a small variety of mangoes found in India. They are round and have a distinct sweet-tangy flavor. The skin is thin and smooth, and the flesh is tender and juicy. They are usually harvested in summer and are a popular choice for making a variety of dishes. Pairi mangoes are a popular mango variety in northern India and are available in the markets from May to July.
They are usually found in abundance in the states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. The fruit is also available in cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Bangalore. They are also used to make jams, jellies, and preserves. Regarding nutrition, Pairi mangoes are rich in vitamins A and C, contain minerals like potassium, magnesium, and iron, and have a high dietary fiber content.
15. Gulab Khas
Gulab Khas, mostly available in the summer, is one of India’s most popular varieties of mangoes. It is a small, round, yellow-skinned mango found in other parts of Asia. Gulab Khas mangoes are mainly grown in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
The popularity of the Gulab Khas mango is attributed to its unique sweet and sour flavor. It is used for making jams, juices, and desserts. The best thing about the Gulab Khas mango is that it ripens quickly and can be enjoyed within a few days of harvesting. The best way to enjoy this variety of mangoes is to eat it fresh with a sprinkle of lemon or salt. Gulab Kha’s mangoes are a great addition to any meal and can add a unique sweetness and flavor to dishes.
The Suvarnarekha variety of mango is a popular favorite, known for its beautiful golden hue and sweet taste. It is also one of India’s most widely available varieties of mangoes. Suvarnarekha mangoes can be found in various states in India, from Uttar Pradesh to Andhra Pradesh.
The fruits are usually medium-sized, with smooth skin and a sweet aroma. These popular varieties of mangoes are often used for making desserts, such as mango lassi, mango ice cream, and mango halwa. The Suvarnarekha mango season usually starts in April and lasts until June, so keep an eye out for these delicious fruits at your local market.
Fazli is one of the hybrid varieties of mango in India developed by crossing the Alphonso and Kesar varieties. They are usually available in the months of April and May and have a long shelf life (stored for up to two months if kept in a cool and dry place). They have a deep golden yellow color and are grown in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.
The best place to find these varieties of mangoes is at local farmers’ markets, and they are a great addition to any fruit basket. They are full of vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients that are important for our health. They are often used to make desserts, juices, jams, and pickles.
Benishan mangoes are usually oval-shaped with a slightly yellowish tint and thin, waxy skin. The flesh of this variety of mangoes is yellow-orange in color and has a sweet and tangy flavor. The Benishan mango is often used in making juices, jams, and other sweet treats. The peak season for Benishan mangoes is typically between April and July; however, they can also be found in stores year-round.
For those looking to purchase these varieties of mangoes directly from farmers, they can be found in many states, including Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. Farmer’s markets are also a great place to find Benishan mangoes, as they are usually sold in bulk at a discounted price.
The Raspuri variety of mangoes is a medium-sized, yellow-orange mango with a sweet, tangy flavor. The fruit’s flesh is luscious and free of fiber, making it perfect for slicing and eating. In India, raspuri mangoes are extensively accessible, particularly in Maharashtra and the southern regions.
Typically, they are picked in the late spring and summer. Aamras, aam ras malai, and aam panna are just a few of the traditional Indian cuisines that feature rasapuri mangoes. They can also be used in salads, desserts, and raw eating. These popular varieties of mangoes are renowned for having a high level of antioxidants.
Amrapali is a popular variety of mangoes in India known for its intense sweetness and is considered to be among the best-tasting mangoes available in India. Amrapali mangoes have distinct yellowish-green skin and yellowish-orange flesh. They have a sweet, juicy, and soft texture that is perfect for eating raw.
Amrapali mangoes are available in many parts of India and can be found in local markets, grocery stores, and even online. This variety of mangoes is a great source of vitamins A, C, and E and minerals like potassium, magnesium, and calcium. They are also a great source of dietary fiber, which helps in digestion and lowers cholesterol levels.
In conclusion, mangoes are not just a fruit but a cultural symbol of India. The diversity of mango varieties in India is a testament to the country’s rich agricultural heritage and biodiversity. From the sweet and juicy Alphonso to the tangy and flavorful Chaunsa, each variety of mango has its unique taste and texture that makes it a favorite among mango lovers worldwide. Whether you prefer to eat them raw or use them in your favorite desserts, make sure to indulge in the different varieties of mangoes and savor their unique flavors the next time you are in India during the mango season.