Culinary Food of Bihar

Welcome to the diverse and delectable world of Bihar’s culinary treasures, where every dish narrates a story of rich cultural heritage and tantalizing flavors. Situated in eastern India, Bihar boasts a culinary landscape that reflects a beautiful blend of history, tradition, and regional influences. 

From the savory litti chokha to the mouthwatering sattu paratha, Bihar’s cuisine showcases a unique medley of vegetarian and non-vegetarian delights. 

This article embarks on a journey to explore the hidden gems of Bihar food culture, unveiling the secret recipes passed down through generations, and delving into the heartwarming hospitality that accompanies each meal. Prepare to savor the flavors!

1. Litti Chokha

Savor the authentic food of Bihar with delicious Litti Chokha

Litti Chokha is a traditional and mouthwatering dish from the Indian state of Bihar. It consists of savory wheat flour balls called “littis” stuffed with a flavorful mixture of roasted gram flour (sattu), herbs, and spices. 

These litti’s are baked or grilled until they acquire a crispy outer crust and a soft, aromatic interior. The real charm of this dish lies in its accompaniment, the chokha. 

Chokha is a delectable mash made from roasted and mashed eggplant, tomatoes, onions, garlic, and spices. When served together, the smoky litti’s and the tangy chokha create a delightful explosion of flavors that will leave you craving more.

2. Dal Pitha

Traditional Bihar Cuisine: Savor the Richness of Dal Pitha's Soft Dumplings and Savory Filling.

Dal Pitha is a delectable steamed dumpling dish that hails from the eastern region of India, particularly Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha. It is prepared by making dough from rice flour or a mixture of rice flour and lentil flour, which is then shaped into small discs or dumplings. 

These dumplings are filled with a savory mixture of spiced lentil paste and fresh herbs such as coriander leaves and grated ginger. The pithas are then steamed until they become soft and fluffy. 

They are typically served with a generous drizzle of ghee and paired with tangy tomato chutney or a mildly spiced dal (lentil) curry, creating a delightful balance of flavors.

3. Chana Ghugni

Spice Up Your Palate With Chana Ghugni

Chana Ghugni is a flavorful and protein-rich dish popular in India’s Eastern and Northern regions, especially in states like Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh. 

Ghugni is a dish made from dried yellow or white peas (chana) that are boiled until tender. After the peas are cooked, they are mixed with a blend of fragrant spices like cumin, turmeric, ginger, and green chilies and then cooked together in a pan.

The dish is finished with a dash of tangy tamarind pulp or a squeeze of fresh lemon juice to enhance its flavors. Chana Ghugni is often enjoyed as a street food snack or as a main course, served with piping hot puris (deep-fried bread) or steamed rice, creating a delightful and fulfilling meal.

4. Khaja

Unveil the irresistible texture and taste of authentic Khaja from food of Bihar

Khaja is a delectable Indian sweet dish that will tantalize your taste buds. With its origins rooted in the northern regions of India, Khaja is a crispy, layered pastry made with all-purpose flour, ghee (clarified butter), and sugar syrup. 

The dough is carefully kneaded into thin sheets, then folded and deep-fried to perfection. The result is a delightful treat that boasts a heavenly combination of a flaky texture and a subtle sweetness. 

Khaja is often enjoyed during festive occasions and celebrations, making it a cherished part of Indian culinary traditions.

5. Thekua

Traditional Thekua: Crunchy Goodness from Bihar's Culinary Heritage!

Thekua is a traditional Indian cookie-like snack from the eastern state of Bihar. This delightful sweet treat is a quintessential part of festivals and religious ceremonies in the region. 

Thekua is made using whole wheat flour, jaggery (unrefined cane sugar), and a mix of aromatic spices such as cardamom and fennel seeds. The dough is shaped into small, round discs and deep-fried until golden brown, resulting in a crispy outer layer with a soft and chewy interior. 

Thekua’s unique flavor profile, combining the richness of jaggery and the warmth of spices, offers a delightful experience for your taste buds, making it an irresistible snack.

6. Tilkut

Tilkut, Food of Bihar

Tilkut is a traditional sweet delicacy that holds a special place in people’s hearts from the northern Indian state of Bihar. Made primarily from sesame seeds (til) and jaggery, Tilkut is a mouthwatering confection that exudes a distinct nutty and caramelized flavor. 

The sesame seeds are perfectly roasted, ground into a coarse powder, and mixed with jaggery syrup. The mixture is then shaped into small, bite-sized balls or flattened discs. 

Tilkut is a delectable treat and a significant part of various festivals and auspicious occasions in Bihar, adding a touch of sweetness to the celebrations.

7. Sattu Sharbat

Taste of Tradition: Sattu Sharbat, Bihar's Timeless Drink

Sattu Sharbat is a refreshing and nutritious summer beverage popular in the northern regions of India, particularly Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. It is made from sattu, a flour-like mixture prepared by grinding roasted chickpeas or barley. 

Sattu is mixed with water and a dash of lemon juice, black salt, and roasted cumin powder to create a delightful and rejuvenating drink. Sattu Sharbat is known for its cooling properties and high nutritional value, as it is packed with protein, fiber, and essential minerals. 

It revitalizes thirst quencher during the scorching summer months, providing a perfect blend of taste and health benefits.

8. Malpua

Delectable Bihari Malpua - A Sweet Treat for Your Senses

Indulge in the delightful world of Malpua, a beloved Indian dessert that will transport your taste buds to sweet bliss. Picture this: a golden, fluffy pancake that is irresistibly crispy on the edges yet wonderfully soft and gooey. 

This divine creation is made by deep-frying a batter of flour, milk, and a hint of aromatic spices, such as cardamom and saffron. The malpuas are then soaked in a luscious syrup made from sugar, rose water, and a dash of lemon juice, which adds an irresistible tang. 

Each bite of this sugary marvel is a burst of sheer decadence, with the warm, syrup-soaked malpua melting in your mouth, leaving a lingering sweetness that lingers in your memory long after it’s gone.

9. Samosa

Crunchy and Spicy: Authentic Bihari Samosa, a Taste of Bihar's Delight!

Prepare to embark on a flavor-packed journey with the iconic samosa, the crowned prince of Indian street food. This crispy, triangular pastry is a delightful blend of savory ingredients encased in a thin, golden-brown crust. 

Bursting with tantalizing aromas, the filling is a harmonious medley of spiced potatoes, peas, onions, and fragrant herbs such as coriander and cumin. The samosa is skillfully deep-fried to perfection, creating a delightful crunch that shatters with each bite, revealing the piping hot and delectably seasoned filling within. 

Served with a tangy tamarind or mint chutney, this beloved snack has captivated hearts worldwide with its irresistible combination of textures and flavors.

10. Bihari Kabab

Flavorful Bihari Kababs - Grilled to Perfection, Bursting with Spices!

Step into culinary excellence with Bihari Kabab, a sizzling masterpiece hailing from the enchanting state of Bihar in India. These succulent kebabs testify to the rich heritage and mastery of Indian grilling techniques. 

The star of this dish is tender, marinated pieces of meat, typically goat or beef, which are lovingly seasoned with an array of aromatic spices such as ginger, garlic, and a secret blend of indigenous flavors. Skewered and grilled to perfection over an open flame, the kebabs acquire a tantalizing char on the outside while retaining their juicy tenderness within. 

With each heavenly bite, you are treated to a symphony of smoky flavors, perfectly balanced by the gentle warmth of the spices. Bihari Kebabs are an irresistible delight for meat lovers and a true embodiment of the culinary prowess of Bihar.

11. Aloo Bhujia

Crispy Aloo Bhujia Snack - A Bihari Culinary Classic!

Prepare to be captivated by the addictive allure of Aloo Bhujia, a delightful and crispy snack that has won the hearts of millions in India and beyond. This crunchy treat features slender, vermicelli-like strands made from gram flour (besan), mashed potatoes, and an irresistible blend of spices. 

These slender wonders are carefully deep-fried to achieve their signature texture—crisp, delicate, and light as air. As you savor each bite, your taste buds are greeted with a symphony of flavors, including the earthy notes of besan, the comforting creaminess of potatoes, and the zing of spices like chili powder, turmeric, and asafoetida. 

Aloo Bhujia is the perfect accompaniment to a steaming cup of chai or a great snack to share with friends, as its addictive crunch and mouthwatering taste leave you longing for more.

12. Chura Bhujia

Savor the Authentic Flavor of Chura Bhujia - A Traditional Bihar Delicacy!

Prepare to embark on a gustatory adventure with Chura Bhujia! This amazing snack is a delightful mix of different flavors and textures that will make your taste buds very happy. Crispy and aromatic, Chura Bhujia is a delectable blend of flattened rice (chura) and a compelling assortment of spices and herbs. 

As you take a bite, the delicate flakes come alive, offering a satisfying crunch that is simply irresistible. With every munch, you’ll experience an explosion of savory spices that harmoniously dance across your palate, leaving you craving more. 

Whether enjoyed as a quick snack or a crowd-pleasing party appetizer, Chura Bhujia is a testament to the perfect balance between crispiness and bold flavors.

13. Kheer Makhana

Traditional Bihar's Kheer Makhana: Sweetness in every bite!

Prepare to be whisked away to a world of indulgence with Kheer Makhana, a dessert that will transport you to cloud nine. This heavenly creation begins with the gentle embrace of milk, slow-cooked to creamy perfection, infused with fragrant cardamom and saffron. 

Nestled within this velvety base are the delicate, puffed lotus seeds, known as makhana, which provide a delightful contrast to the silky texture of the kheer. With each spoonful, you’ll savor the gentle crunch of the makhana, releasing a symphony of sweetness that melds harmoniously with the aromatic essence of the cardamom and saffron. 

Kheer Makhana is a dessert fit for royalty, a decadent treat that will enchant your taste buds and leave you craving its ethereal flavors long after the last spoonful.

14. Makuni Paratha

Makuni Paratha - A Flavorful Bihar Delight to Savor!

Prepare to embark on a culinary journey with Makuni Paratha, a masterpiece combining flakiness and delightful stuffing. Picture this: a perfectly cooked, golden-brown paratha boasting layers of delicate, crispy goodness. 

But what lies within is the true showstopper! Makuni Paratha is skillfully stuffed with various flavors, ranging from a rich mixture of minced meat or vegetables to a harmonious blend of aromatic spices. The layers unfold as you tear into this culinary delight, revealing a burst of savory goodness that tantalizes your taste buds. 

Each bite of Makuni Paratha is a delightful dance of textures and tastes, as the flaky exterior gives way to the succulent filling, leaving you in awe of its culinary mastery.

15. Dal Pithi

Delicious Dal Pithi - A Hearty Bihari Treat!

Get ready to experience the epitome of comfort food with Dal Pitthi, a dish that combines rustic charm with hearty flavors. This traditional delicacy hails from the heartland of India, where it has been savored for generations. 

At its core, Dal Pitthi is a warm and nourishing lentil soup infused with a melange of aromatic spices that lend it a distinct depth of flavor. But what truly sets it apart is the soft, dumpling-like morsels known as pithi, made from a combination of flour, spices, and sometimes vegetables. 

As you savor each spoonful, the tender pitthis soaks up the flavorful broth, creating a harmonious blend of textures and tastes that offer a comforting embrace to your senses. Dal Pitthi is a dish that evokes memories of home, a culinary journey that nourishes both body and soul.

16. Aloo Chokha

Savor the Flavors: Aloo Chokha - Bihar's Iconic Potato Medley!

Be tantalized by Aloo Chokha, a rustic and robust dish celebrating the humble potato. With its origins deeply rooted in the heartland of Bihar, Aloo Chokha presents a splendid blend of earthy flavors. 

Boiled potatoes are expertly mashed and infused with aromatic spices, including cumin, mustard seeds, and red chili powder. Adding fresh coriander and a squeeze of zesty lemon lends a refreshing twist, culminating in a delightful symphony of textures and tastes. 

Aloo Chokha perfectly accompanies piping hot rotis or steamed rice, delivering a comforting and satisfying experience.

17. Baingan Bharta

Savor the Aromatic Baingan Bharta from Bihar!

Unleash your taste buds with Baingan Bharta, a culinary masterpiece celebrating roasted eggplant’s smoky flavors. This traditional dish, cherished in the kitchens of Eastern India, involves grilling eggplants over an open flame until the skin blackens and the flesh turns tender. 

The charred eggplant is then skillfully mashed and cooked with an assortment of aromatic spices, including turmeric, cumin, and coriander. The resulting dish exudes a smoky aroma and a rich, velvety texture that is both comforting and enticing.

Served with fluffy rotis or steamed rice, Baingan Bharta is a vegetarian delight that promises to tantalize your senses.

18. Dhuska

Crispy Dhuska Delight: A golden-fried Bihari delicacy served with tangy chutney

Imagine strolling through the vibrant streets of Bihar, India, where the air is filled with tantalizing aromas and the sound of sizzling delicacies. Amidst this culinary wonderland, one snack that captures the region’s essence is the delightful Dhuska.

Dhuska is a mouthwatering deep-fried snack made from soaked rice and lentils. This golden-brown marvel boasts a crispy exterior, giving way to a fluffy and flavorful interior. The perfect harmony of textures will leave your taste buds dancing with joy.

The preparation of Dhuska involves grinding soaked rice and lentils into a smooth batter seasoned with spices like cumin, turmeric, and chili powder. The batter is then carefully deep-fried until it transforms into a magical treat that’s crispy and irresistibly soft.

Dhuska is often relished with a generous tangy tamarind chutney or spicy potato curry. The contrast of the crispy Dhuska with the accompanying flavors creates a symphony of tastes that will leave you craving more.

19. Chura Dahi

Heritage on a Plate: Chura Dahi - A taste of Bihar's rich culture!

Let’s embark on a culinary journey to the vibrant land of Bihar, India, where simplicity meets indulgence in the form of Chura Dahi.

Chura Dahi, a traditional Bihari dish, epitomizes elegance in its simplicity. It begins with flattened rice, known as “Chura,” which is light, airy, and delicate. This rice is lovingly soaked in water to achieve the perfect balance of tenderness.

Once the Chura has absorbed the water and attained a moist consistency, it is gently mixed with creamy, velvety yogurt, commonly called “Dahi.” The yogurt acts as a canvas, gracefully embracing the Chura and imparting a refreshing coolness to the dish.

To enhance the flavor profile, a sprinkle of roasted cumin powder, a pinch of tangy chaat masala, and a dash of salt are added, creating a symphony of taste sensations. The result is a harmonious blend of creaminess, tanginess, and gentle crunch, all in a single delectable bite.

20. Balushahi

Celebrate with Balushahi: Bihar's Iconic Sweet Treat!

Get ready to feel like you’re in the busy streets of India, where the air is filled with sweet smells, and every corner has a special treat waiting for you. Among the diverse Indian sweets, Balushahi stands tall as a melt-in-your-mouth delicacy that captivates all who encounter it.

Balushahi is a flaky and syrupy dessert famous throughout the Indian subcontinent. This golden-brown delight is made from a dough of all-purpose flour, ghee (clarified butter), and a pinch of baking soda, which lends a light and airy texture.

The dough is carefully shaped into small discs and deep-fried to perfection. The process requires finesse, as the goal is to achieve a delicate balance between a crisp exterior and a moist, tender interior.

Once the Balushahi has achieved its signature golden hue, it takes a luxurious dip in a sugary syrup, infusing it with sweetness and a delightful stickiness. This syrup seeps into the flaky layers, creating a heavenly combination of textures and flavors.

Balushahi promises to transport your taste buds to pure indulgence, whether warm or at room temperature. Its exquisite blend of crispiness, flakiness, and syrupy sweetness will leave you longing for just one more heavenly bite.

21. Khubi Ka Lai

Savor the Flavors of Bihar: Khubi Ka Lai, A Traditional Delight!

Originating from the enchanting land of Bihar, the masterpiece embodies the spirit of royal indulgence. This savory delicacy combines aromatic spices’ richness with cottage cheese’s decadence. 

Khubi Ka Lai features small balls of cottage cheese skillfully marinated with flavorful spices such as cumin, turmeric, and red chili powder. These tantalizing spheres are then gently simmered in a luscious gravy made from fresh tomatoes, onions, and a secret medley of spices. 

The result is a dish that flawlessly balances the creamy, tangy, and mildly spiced elements, delighting your taste buds.

22. Sattu Ka Paratha

Mouthwatering Sattu Paratha - A Nutritious Bihar Specialty

Hailing from the vibrant state of Bihar, Sattu Ka Paratha is a delightful flatbread that showcases the simplicity and wholesomeness of Indian cuisine. Sattu, a nutritious flour from roasted Bengal gram, forms the heart of this culinary masterpiece. 

The flour is meticulously blended with a medley of aromatic spices, including ajwain, amchur, and roasted cumin seeds. This fragrant mixture is then expertly encased in a layer of whole wheat dough skillfully rolled out into a thin, circular paratha. 

Cooked to perfection on a hot grill, the Sattu Ka Paratha reveals its crispy exterior and the delightful surprise within — a filling bursting with the flavors of earthy roasted gram flour and aromatic spices. Accompanied by a dollop of tangy pickle or creamy yogurt, this wholesome delight will satisfy your cravings for a hearty meal.

23. Parwal ki Mithai

Delightful Parwal Ki Mithai: A Sweet Taste of Bihar's Rich Cuisine!

Prepare to be amazed as we explore the hidden gems of the lesser-known side of Indian sweets with Parwal ki Mithai, a unique confectionary gem hailing from the kitchens of Bihar. Parwal, a pointed gourd, is transformed into an unexpected delicacy that will delight your sweet tooth. 

The process begins by delicately peeling and scooping the seeds from the tender parwal, creating a hollow cavity. These parwal boats are then immersed in a creamy concoction of condensed milk and a hint of fragrant cardamom. Slowly simmered, the parwal absorbs the rich flavors, taking on a velvety texture while retaining its delicate green hue. 

Garnished with slivers of pistachios and a sprinkle of saffron, Parwal ki Mithai surprises with its harmonious blend of flavors — the subtle sweetness of the parwal complemented by the creamy richness of the milk.


The culinary journey through Bihar has been a delightful and enriching experience. Bihar’s cuisine’s diverse and vibrant flavors have showcased the region’s rich cultural heritage and culinary traditions. 

From the mouthwatering litti-chokha to the delectable sattu paratha, Bihar’s cuisine offers a unique blend of simplicity and complexity, satisfying the palates of food enthusiasts. 

Exploring Bihar’s culinary delights has provided a gastronomic adventure and a deeper understanding of the state’s history, traditions, and local ingredients. 

This journey has truly emphasized the importance of cherishing and savoring the flavors of Bihar, as they embody the essence of this beautiful region.