This blog provides an overview of the 12 Jyotirlingas of India, considered sacred pilgrimage sites for Hindus. The Jyotirlingas are shrines dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, located in some of India’s most beautiful and historic locations. This blog will briefly introduce the Jyotirlingas, their history, their importance to Hindus, and information on how to visit them.
1. Somnath Jyotirlinga (Gujarat)
Somnath Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, located in Prabhas Patan in Saurashtra near Vereval on the western coast of Gujarat. According to Hindu mythology, the Somnath temple is considered to be the first of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Shiva. It is believed that the temple was destroyed and rebuilt several times by various rulers. The present temple is believed to be built in the Chalukya style of Hindu temple architecture and is considered one of India’s most beautiful temples.
2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga (Andhra Pradesh)
Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is another Jyotirlingas of Shiva located in Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh. The temple is considered one of the important pilgrimage centers for Hindus. It is believed that during the reign of the Satavahana dynasty original temple was built. The temple is also known for its stunning architecture and is home to many ancient sculptures and carvings. It is considered one of India’s most sacred places of worship.
3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga (Madhya Pradesh)
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is a famous Hindu temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, considered the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva. The temple is situated on Bamleshwar hill and is known for its grand architecture and intricate carvings. The temple is said to have been constructed in the 6th century by King Bhadresen, of the Paramara dynasty. The temple is also home to many shrines dedicated to various Hindu gods and goddesses.
4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga (Madhya Pradesh)
Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the twelve revered Jyotirlingas located in the district of Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on an island in the Narmada River, which is considered to be one of the holiest rivers in India. Lord Shiva is believed to reside in this temple as an Omkareshwar linga. Devotees visit the temple to seek his blessings and to experience his divine energy. The temple is also famous for its architecture and popular tourist attraction.
5. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga (Uttarakhand)
Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in the Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand. It is situated at an altitude of 3590 m, making it one of the highest temples in India. It is believed that the Jyotirlinga is a manifestation of Lord Shiva and is the source of immense spiritual power. The temple was established by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century and stands as a tribute to the power of Lord Shiva. It is a famous pilgrimage spot and attracts visitors from all over the world.
6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga (Maharashtra)
Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord Shiva. It is located in the village of Bhorgiri, 50 km northwest of Khed, near Pune, Maharashtra. It is in the Sahyadri hills of the Western Ghats range and is also the source of Bhima, which flows southeast and merges with the Krishna river near Raichur. A dense forest, home to various birds, animals and plants, surrounds the temple. The temple is considered to be of great spiritual importance and is visited by hundreds of devotees yearly.
7. Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga (Uttar Pradesh)
Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is a Hindu temple in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is situated on the western bank of the holy Ganges, one of India’s most sacred and important pilgrimage sites. The temple complex includes the main temple of Kashi Vishwanath, the temple of Annapurna Devi, and the Temple of Vishalakshi. It is believed that Kashi Vishwanath temple is the place where Shiva and Parvati took their final form.
8. Viswanath Jyotirlinga (Uttar Pradesh)
Viswanath Jyotirlinga is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and one of India’s twelve Jyotirlingas. It is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, and is one of India’s famous Shiva temples in India. The temple has been a major religious center for thousands of years and is visited by millions of pilgrims every year. The temple is believed to have been first constructed by the Hindu god Vishnu and is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus worldwide.
9. Triambakeshwar Jyotirlinga (Maharashtra)
Triambakeshwar Jyotirlinga is located in Trimbak, Maharashtra, on the bank of the Godavari River. This temple is the most sacred abode of Lord Shiva. The temple is considered by many to be the most important of the twelve Jyotirlingas and is a popular pilgrimage site for Hindus. The temple is also known for its religious and historical significance and has been mentioned in many ancient texts.
10. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga (Jharkhand)
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 jyotirlingas in the state of Jharkhand. It is believed to be one of India’s most revered pilgrimage sites. This temple is located in the Deoghar district of Jharkhand and is considered one of the country’s most powerful temples. Devotees from India flock to this temple to pray and seek blessings from Lord Shiva.
11. Nageshwar Jyotirlinga (Gujarat)
Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is located in Dwarka, Gujarat. This temple is also known as Nagnath temple and houses a lingam in the sanctum sanctorum. The lingam is believed to be self-manifested and is known as “Tryambakeshwar” or “Nageshwar Mahadev”. It is believed that Ravana worshipped the lingam. The temple is also believed to be one of the nine “Dwarawat Tirthas”, or pilgrimage sites in Dwarka.
12. Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga (Tamil Nadu)
Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga is a famous Hindu temple on Pamban Island in Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas revered in Hinduism and is believed to be where Lord Rama prayed to Lord Shiva after his victory over Ravana. The temple is known for its large corridors and massive sculptured pillars and is also a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus from all over India. It is also believed to be where Rama and Sita reunited after their exile. The temple is an integral part of the Ramayana and is a popular tourist destination in India.
The 12 Jyotirlingas of India are a sacred pilgrimage for Hindus worldwide. Visiting these holy sites is an opportunity to connect with India’s spiritual essence and experience the divine energy that resides within these sacred places. This pilgrimage will surely leave a lasting impression on all who make the journey. May the blessings of the 12 Jyotirlingas be with you on your sacred journey.